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 Fabric craft
Cotton , Silk , Textile craft 


Chilling in glacial cold and bracing frost, blazing in scorching and intense  sun was a long affliction for the beings on the earth. More to this, the acerbic of vampire, stinging of insects and mosquitoes were the troubling predicament for which a struggle to get rid of the set back is still persisting. In the day of yore, since the unknown moment of time leaves and bark of tress were replaced by cotton and silk, when the technique of spinning yarn and weaving clothes was learned. But it is to be acknowledged that the ancient man used to be keeping on stark naked in those days. May be it was a revelation from the supernatural power or the miracle of nature or the instruction of the conscience that urged and taught  to clad. Wrapping body with leaves, bark and others has brought big sense and good feelings, hence covering with many stuffs was habitually practiced. The accomplishment helped  to protect against the severe cold harsh sunburn which was a stiff hardship to the living creatures. Thus, covering body had given one hand to guard  in  acute Winter and lent a hand to keep away form the harm of grim Summer. The difficulty for garbing in those days was that it was very hard as to find the oversize leaves form different bush and shrubs, and bark of plant and trees to put on. The another problem was that it was ephemeral and the wear and tear policy was a testing. In consequence of the fleeting promise of transitory  outfits, an enduring stuff was sought after for a long term. As a matter of chance, they hit upon the animal skin and pelt which proved to be a durable attire which is still in vogue.

Discovery of cotton and silk was can be guesstimated according to the accessible support but how and when is yet in question for insufficient evidence. The historic civilization of Indus valley is supposed to be the explorer of the natural fabric i.e. cotton and the like. By passage of time another brocatelle silk was stumbled on by the Mongolian who bequeathed it to China, India and others. And the Paris dolls and pageants of these days are dressed up to nine by the virtue of the primordial detection by the ancestors who subsisted earlier.

Dressing in cotton and silk apparels are not any new affair to mankind rather spinning yarn and weaving clothes is the long honored tradition running down the centuries since last 5000 years ago. Description in the Vedic literature (Hindu Scripture) and evidence from the ancient 'Harappan' civilization (in ancient India) speaks volume for the garments' story so far. Besides this, revival of some costumes of antiquity from the 'Tomb of the Fostat' in Egypt and and in European countries stands for it self that how old the work is. The printing and dyeing techniques of garments were also known to the people of early days. And some primeval historians have witnessed the international trade among the ancient civilization. Yet, cotton was used in the ancient civilization of India where the people of Mahenjodaro and Harappa were known spinning and weaving cotton textile products since the year one. By passage of time, many Asian countries like China, Philippines, Japan and also some European countries had began using cotton fabrics. The multicolored glaze printing or chintz too were practiced by them and there. Silk is believed to be originated from Mongolia a small Asian country across the boarder of China and Afganisthan. It was first transmitted to China and then to India. But in course of time, India had started  growing high quality silk of its own. Some states of India like Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Utter Pradesh are very famous for their rich quality of muslin and silk and magnificent work of art. British East Indian company had started exporting cotton and silk far and wide towards the end of 17th century. And also they have been tried to strangle the art by torturing the artisans of Indian origin who were causing European works to be overlooked. The superb quality hand loom products from India was the center of attraction the textile market across the globe. The muslin master pieces of Dhaka(India) presently in Bangladesh was the outbest and make less.  Its only two hundred years back spinning of cotton as well as silk has  has been mechanized instead of hand spinning and weaving. Still, Mechanized means of weaving have not been replaced the hand spun clothes which are existing yet. Albeit, modern technologies and machines had forced some of the items towards the road of extinct and the resources have been diverted towards them selves. In spite of all this hindrances and obstacles some of the weavers and spinners are struggling to survive till date. Usage of a special kind of hand loom fabric called 'Khaddar' or 'Khaki' in India is one of the vivid example of the consequences. For this time being, handcrafted textile products are flood in some market. Silk and cotton sari, chintz, cotton shirts, cardigans, pullovers, and many usable and decorative products are liked by all.


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